on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Axepta (Atomoxetine)

Axepta is a non-stimulant drug used in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and is a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. It has been shown that ATX has additional effects beyond the inhibition of norepinephrine reuptake, affecting several signal transduction pathways and alters gene expression. Here, we study alterations in oxidative stress and mitochondrial function in human differentiated SH-SY5Y cells exposed over a range of concentrations of ATX.

Other names for this medication:
Atomoxetine, Strattera, Axepta, Attentrol, Attera,

Similar Products:
Mebendazol, Finpecia, Lomac, Zemyc, Cicloviral, Omec, Pantocid, Quetiapina, Ansial, Amoxsan, Macrobid, Ziverone, Marivarin, Aldezole, Duzela, Caluran, Dulotin, Pegintron, Noritren, Zipantola, Aluron, Polprazol, Llanol, Cefobid, Allegron, Cefadroxil, Orfarin, Citol,

axepta vs adderall dosage

In this study we aimed to detect the criteria which help us select the best therapeutic approach. Recently studies have highlighted the roles that molecules associated with synaptic transmission in animals, such as glutamate, GABA and ATP play in cellular differentiation and homeostasis in this simple organism. Cutaneous resonance running times are decreased in psoriatic lesions. Hypertensive encephalopathy mimicking postdural puncture headache in a parturient beyond the edge of reproductive age.

axepta tablet computers

Anti-A, -B, and monoclonal anti-M antibodies were detected to the same extent in the plates with fixed erythrocyte membranes as in the plates coated with unfixed erythrocyte membranes, but binding of monoclonal anti-N antibody to group-N fixed erythrocyte membranes was not observed. Normal values of vital capacity and maximum breathing capacity in children and adolescents Moreover, clones obtained from re-isolated strain Wil1R1 showed a distinct biological behavior. IFN-gamma and IL-4 increased lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF-alpha, IL-1 steady-state message levels.

axepta 25 dosage of aspirin

The effect of a single oral gavage with a mixture of Aroclors 1254 and 1260 on 24-h production of urinary homovanillic acid was determined in the laboratory rat. Close cooperation between the attending physician and clinical microbiologist is crucial. The performance of APACHE II, MSAPS II, MSAPS IIe, serum paraquat level and SIPP for prediction of mortality in acute paraquat poisoning were compared. The axonal transport of substance P-hydrolyzing peptidase was studied both 2 and 10 days after the ligation of rat sciatic nerves. Regarding attitude and care professionals most satisfied or very satisfied.

use of axepta tablet

Thirteen individuals with acute and 27 individuals with chronic stroke participated in the assessment of gait velocity, cadence, step length and stance phase. The amoebicidal aqueous extract from Castela texana possesses antigenotoxic and antimutagenic properties. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: Quantitative thallium imaging findings in patients with normal coronary angiographic findings and in clinically normal subjects. A novel hypothesis for the pathogenesis of celiac disease is formulated: The mainly intracellular tissue transglutaminase is released from cells during wound healing where it aids in stabilizing the wound area by cross-linking a small set of extracellular matrix components.

axepta tablet cases

DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes, and the mutations in the otoferlin gene sites were amplified by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism. However, there is no evidence that DLK directly regulates axonal development, because another possibility, i.e. Nitroglycerin is superior to diltiazem as a coronary bypass conduit vasodilator. Eight MAbs against the large glycoprotein (G protein) demonstrated five blocking patterns consistent with three antigenic sites, one with three epitopes and the other two with one each.

axepta vs strattera reviews

Significant associations between cognitive performances and testosterone decline were documented: visuomotor slowing, slowed reaction times in some attentional domains including working memory and impaired hit rate in a vigilance test, impaired delayed recall and recognition speed of letters, but improvement in object recall. Except for abnormal or partially broken cylinders, the protoplasmic cylinders tended to be located close to the inner surface of the SB membrane, resulting in a central vacant space with occasional axial fibrils. Eledoisin (500 micrograms/kg) was injected iv, and the rats were serially decapitated. In 2007 we began a hybrid program for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) variants to potentially improve outcome in high-risk patients.

axepta dosage forms

Motion parallax as an independent cue for depth perception: a retrospective. These finding have implications for understanding the function of the cochlear and vestibular fluids, renal function, and the approximation to frictionless motion of normal joints. In many applications, this is not desirable as researchers have a priori assumptions on the shape of the estimated effects, with monotonicity being the most important. Studies on tunicamycin treatment indicated that the core size of the molecule appeared to have a molecular weight of 69,000 and also suggested that the carbohydrate moiety was greatly responsible for the conformation of the mouse melanoma epitope. The specific activity of this enzyme remains low as long as glucose is present in the medium, even though fumarate formation proceeds at a high level.

axepta-10 pill

Bacillus subtilis can grow anaerobically in the presence of nitrate as a terminal electron acceptor. The effect of natural habituation on coagulation responses to acute mental stress and recovery in men. We investigated this by examining the interactions of clusterin with different structural forms of alpha-lactalbumin, gamma-crystallin and lysozyme. Evidence-based recommendations are provided for the prevention of ischemic stroke caused by sickle cell disease, moyamoya disease, cervicocephalic arterial dissection, and cardiogenic embolism.

axepta tablet hotels

To assess the impact of a respiratory therapy consult service (RTCS) on practices and appropriateness of ordering respiratory care services. Distribution of organized sensory nerve endings in the lower lip mucosa of the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus). Phase II trial of gemcitabine combined with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (GFP) chemotherapy in patients with advanced biliary tree cancers.

axepta dosage for infant

However, its EglC was difficult to purify for enzymatic properties detection because of its low activity (0.8 U/ml). The ylo-1 gene encodes an aldehyde dehydrogenase responsible for the last reaction in the Neurospora carotenoid pathway.

axepta 25 mg

Our previous studies revealed that HDAC1 inhibits proliferation of the livers in old mice. Efforts should be made to increase awareness so as to reduce the mortality. Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are transactivated by the stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Moreover, RT purified from an RNase III- strain of E.coli displayed no cleavage of the tRNA primer-RNA template complex.

axepta vs strattera weight

IGF-I was 100-fold more potent than insulin to stimulate IEC-6 cell proliferation. Preventing or delaying disability is therefore an important objective, and identifying an effective intervention could improve the lives of many older people. In the abdomen the two techniques have similar diagnostic applications.

axepta vs adderall and alcohol

  • axepta vs adderall generic
  • axepta 10mg uses
  • axepta vs strattera adhd
  • axepta 10 mg
  • axepta 25 dosage for infant
  • axepta dosage for amoxicillin
  • tab axepta 10mg
  • axepta medicine cabinets
  • axepta 10 side effects
  • axepta vs strattera reviews
  • axepta-10 medicine
  • axepta tablet reviews
  • axepta vs adderall addiction
  • axepta 25 dosage help
  • axepta 25 dosage index
  • axepta tablet hotels
  • axepta 25 dosage of tylenol
  • axepta-10 pill
  • axepta-25 dosage
  • tablet axepta-10
  • axepta dosage form
  • axepta tablet pc
  • axepta-40 side effects
  • axepta vs strattera dosage
  • axepta dosage for infant
  • axepta dosage help
  • axepta vs strattera drug
  • axepta vs adderall weight
  • use of axepta tablet computers
  • axepta vs adderall vs ritalin
  • use of axepta tablet cases
  • use of axepta tablet
  • axepta vs adderall and pregnancy
  • axepta 25 dosage of benadryl
  • use of axepta tablet magazine
  • axepta 18 tablet sleeve
  • axepta 40 tablet
  • axepta 25 dosage of amoxicillin
  • axepta 18 tablet
  • use of axepta tablets
  • axepta vs adderall dosage
  • axepta tablet for kids
  • axepta dosage
  • axepta medicine park
  • axepta vs strattera
  • axepta 25 dosage calculations
  • use of axepta tablet reviews
  • axepta tablet computers
  • axepta vs strattera coupons
  • axepta 25 dosage for amoxicillin
  • axepta vs strattera generic
  • axepta 18 tablets
  • axepta-40 ingredients
  • axepta tablets
  • axepta-40 vs adderall
  • axepta vs strattera withdrawal
  • tablet axepta-10 pill
  • tablet axepta 25 mg
  • axepta vs adderall online
  • axepta atomoxetine hydrochloride tablets
  • axepta medicine hat
  • axepta dosage calculator
  • axepta vs adderall withdrawal
  • axepta medicine wheel
  • axepta medicine man

axepta 10 mg

The carcinogenic effects of DCM in the mouse are caused by the interaction with DNA of a glutathione (GSH) conjugate that is produced by the class theta glutathione S-transferase T1-1 (GST T1-1). The photological function of MPA coated CdTe QDs and their biocompatibility In the field of learning, a behavioral procedure is observed to lead to performance outcomes, but differing inferences on underlying internal processes can lead to difficulties in interpreting conflicting results. Beneficial effects of hydrogen-rich saline on early burn-wound progression in rats.

axepta dosage of amoxicillin

Intravital two-photon imaging allows the observation of immune cells in intact organs of live animals in real time. The hypothesis that the abdominal wall thickness has an influence on the rate of the peristomal infection is not confirmed. Experiments can characterize the form of possible chemotactic sensitivities.

axepta 25 dosage index

A digestive proteinase was isolated from larval extracts of Tribolium castaneum. Distinct roles of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species to control infection with the facultative intracellular bacterium Francisella tularensis. The double-blind study was conducted in 2 homogeneous groups of 30 patients each treated with piroxicam cinnamate one 30-mg tablet twice daily for 2 days followed by 1 tablet daily for further 13 days and with piroxicam cinnamate 20 mg tablets (according to the same posologic scheme) respectively.

axepta medicine park

The monophyly of the group was confirmed by molecular phylogenetic studies, but neither the internal phylogeny nor its position on the eukaryotic tree has been clearly resolved. Optical cochlear implant has been occuring as a new cochlear implant which utilizes laser pulses to stimulate hearing. Teaching NeuroImage: nocardial intramedullary spinal cord abscess. Multiple genetic and pharmacological methods are available to inhibit or activate the Notch pathway, some of which are entering human clinical trials. Early one-stage repair of complete unilateral cleft lip and palate.

use of axepta tablet for kids

Even in fully differentiated monocyte-derived macrophages, OPN induced a proliferative response. All 15 subnuclei were reconstructed, and their dimensions were determined. In this work we shall present new possibilities of multi-labeling and multiplex analysis of pathogenic bacteria, by Flow-Cytometry (FCM) analysis and new specific IgG-q-dots conjugates. Plasma biomarker profiling of selected soluble mediators can be used to identify subsets among patients with suspected lower limb thrombosis that differ significantly in their frequencies of DVT.

axepta 25 price

When these animals were treated with 3H-PCP, brain total radioactivity as well as 3H-PCP in the high-weight animals were significantly lower than those in the low-weight animals. The economic STATUS OF PARENTS OF STUDENTS IN THE College of Dental Surgery at the University of Montreal Solubilization and partial purification of particulate catechol-O-methyltransferase from rat liver.

use of axepta tablet hotels

Cost analysis of gentamicin-impregnated collagen sponges in preventing sternal wound infection post cardiac surgery. Perioperative severe complications and death are a major health issue in both developed and developing countries. Concomitant decreases in VD receptor and calcium sensing receptor in the parathyroid glands render them more resistant to the action of VD and calcium, and accelerate parathyroid cell growth. Secondary data collected on 168 healthy women, ages 50 to 65 years, who had a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry screening of the hip and spine to determine bone mineral density.

axepta tablet computers

The fluorescent properties of functionalized DNA were characterized by the steady-state fluorescence measurements. aureus showed considerable tailing during electrophoresis, whereas beta-hemolysin produced by other strains of S. A monoclonal antibody detecting an HLA-DQwl-related determinant. An increasing ionic strength leads to a loss in the nuclease ability of the zinc finger mutants due to the nonspecific interaction between the zinc finger peptide and DNA.

axepta tablet reviews

Central Nervous System (CNS) tumors include some of the most invasive and lethal tumors in humans. The contribution made by fish ponds (pisciculture) to malaria transmission in the Peruvian Amazon remains to be confirmed.

axepta medicine ball

Results of local excision of the papilla of Vater for periampullary tumors appear satisfactory and this procedure may be particularly indicated for older or higher risk patients. The choice of an optimal anastomotic angle should be optimised to achieve a compromise between the concurrent minimisations of both the spatial WSS gradient and the temporal WSS gradient. The alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist blocked the compensatory reaction on plasmin excess, liberated vascular plasminogen activator and thus increased and prolonged thrombo- and fibrinolytic effects of this complex. IFN-alpha can induce multiple biological effects, including induction/promotion of apoptosis and inhibition of cell growth.

axepta vs adderall generic

A two-part model was employed to assess the influence of obesity on medicine expenses, with monthly household medicine expenses per capita as outcome, presence of obese in the household as explanatory variable, and adjustment for confounding variables. Tests convince central laundry to use heat-seal patched reusables. MBD4L-GFP fusion proteins showed nuclear localization in planta.

axepta 25 dosage calculation

Additionally, forgoing pathology on foreskin specimens in lower risk cases may reduce costs to the health care system. Examination 18 months after surgery showed normal gait without a cane. The RTE algorithm is validated using both simulated and phantom experimental data. An injection of 20-hydroxyecdysone (10 mug per animal) 6-13 days after the moult of the last larval instar of Tenebrio molitor induces the development of prothetelic larvae and larval-pupal intermediates. As a group, they may therefore be more vulnerable to respiratory infection.

axepta tablet computers

Radiocephalometric studies on the changes of the tongue position in orthodontic treatment Doubts have been raised regarding the validity of these structured lay interviewer assessments. To determine the level of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) synthesized and released by synovium of patients with osteoarthritis (OA), and to study the role of lipoxygenase (LO)/cyclooxygenase (COX) products on proinflammatory cytokine and interstitial collagenase (MMP-1) synthesis. Therefore, at the earliest stages of auditory processing, there is interaction between pathways specialized to process temporal cues and those that process other acoustic features. All patients showed remarkable improvement of neurological symptoms except in one case where massive pulmonary embolism caused death a few hours after surgery.

axepta 18 tablet pc

Chlorination of millimolar concentrations of isophorone generated mutagens at a pH as low as 8.5, while mutagens were formed from submillimolar concentrations of mesityl oxide at pH 8.5, or millimolar concentrations at pH 7.5. Characterization and genomic organization of PERI, a repetitive DNA in the Drosophila buzzatii cluster related to DINE-1 transposable elements and highly abundant in the sex chromosomes. Wrist injury is common in golfers and normally occurs at the impact of the club with the ball. Implementation of site-specific interventions for quality improvement of specific measures in stroke was difficult to achieve in a 6-month time frame and led to improved adherence for only one of 3 PMs. Angiotensin receptors in myometrium and myometrial vessels from uteri of women during the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle and in late pregnancy.

axepta vs strattera medication

Membrane conductance and rectification, as measured by the magnitude of electrotonic potentials in response to external stimulation, were reduced in the presence of TEA. Immediate post-value sample was taken from one hand and the other hand was gloved for 3 h. This study surveyed high school student drug users in urban areas of Mexico to describe use patterns and drug-related behaviors among adolescents and to develop predictor models of pathways to underage drug use. To identify factors that potentially influence urethral sensitivity in women.

tab axepta 18 mg

Various antiepileptics, sedative and anesthetic agents are used in the neurocritical care setting and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) has been proposed as a means to individualize dosing to ensure efficacy, avoid toxicity, and to account for drug-drug interactions. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was reduced in these patients from about 90 to about 35 mm Hg. Patients with liver cirrhosis have a highly elevated risk of developing bacterial infections that significantly decrease survival rates.

axepta vs adderall withdrawal

These methods have demonstrated that the cells cultured from operative samples were predominantly meningioma cells. Proccedings: Glucose tolerance and insulin secretion after selective gastric vagotomy and pyloroplasty. It has higher response rates and progression-free survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) when compared with standard chemotherapy and interferon-alpha.

axepta 10 tab

Management of health and safety in the organization of worktime at the local level. He deliberately deceived his ex-wife by telling her that the circuits were incomplete and hence harmless. Six patients continued for 4 weeks receiving MDL-899 twice daily with significant improvement in their blood pressure control--from a mean of 182/95 to 146/77 mm Hg (supine) and from 161/93 to 138/79 mm Hg (erect).

axepta 25 dosage of benadryl

However, the exact mechanism behind such synergistic effect was not fully elucidated. The stool samples were sampled and tested according to the national standard. The overgrowth of COM on hydroxyapatite (HAP) seed crystals pretreated with HSA was also investigated. Assessment of energy metabolism and nutritional supply in children with mechanical ventilation

axepta vs strattera dosage

Recently it has been demonstrated that microRNAs are involved in many physiological processes, including differentiation and development. Experimental and morphological data on the closure of extensive defects of the bladder by mucosa-free segments of the colon

tablet axepta 10 mg

Utility values were measured by the use of the time trade-off method. To describe a new surgical technique for a patient with cataract combined with corneal opacity.

axepta dosage index

Our results reinforce the importance of early catheter removal in critically ill patients with CR-BSI. The high concentration of stem cells in the rat testis and the rapid expansion of spermatogenesis after transplantation will facilitate studies on stem cell biology and the introduction of genetic modifications into the male germ line. It was found that dynamic conditions for cell seeding and culture enable homogeneous distribution, maintaining the proliferative potential and osteogenic phenotype of the HBDCs cultured on polyurethane scaffolds. Adolescents were recruited in high schools selected by a cluster sampling method.

axepta tablet cases

Using H9c2 myoblasts and isolated cardiomyocytes, it was found that SIN-1 (an active metabolite of molsidomine) induces significant protection against ANT toxicity, but only at high concentrations. The measured vGCN represents the number of infectious viral particles (IVP) per 1 dose.

axepta 18 mg

The rapidity of the morphological response of MDCK cells to TPA indicates that the cytoskeleton is one of the primary targets of TPA, but that tumour promoters differ from RNA tumour viruses in their effect on the state of actin polymerization. Ipsilateral fibers were found within 3-5 separate medio-lateral patches within the rostral 600 microns of SC at P15, and patches of abnormal size and extent were also seen at P18.

tab axepta 10mg

We describe ESTA systems for GH, prolactin, thyroid stimulators and human chorionic gonadotrophin which utilize the reduction of a tetrazolium salt to a formazan by intracellular dehydrogenase as the cytochemical system. Mapping of both viruses with these monoclonal antibodies showed that during neuroadaptation SV topography substantially shifted, masking and unmasking biologically important neutralization and hemagglutination inhibition sites.

 Show Hide 
axepta 10mg uses 2010-05-15

We present a case of an umbilical cord pseudocyst diagnosed using routine ultrasound at the 20 weeks of gestation. In mice, lectin binding after duct ligation appeared similar to the rat. If the recommended trial confirms our hypothesis, we might see favorable outcomes and improved survival rates in patients with decompensated liver diseases. However, it has been unclear whether Rab proteins and effectors are sufficient for intermembrane interactions. An exploratory design using standardised abbotic xl dosage of aspirin questionnaires and interviews.

axepta 18 tablet pc 2019-03-15

These findings indicate that changes in these fractions may marevan forte vaikuttava ai net be considered a good prognostic aid. Subsequently, the isolates were historically identified by a neutralization assay. Combined with rainfall thresholds determined to distinguish various magnitudes of daily rainfall totals, three levels of significance were simultaneously employed to examine the hydrologic-response simulation. Heavy immunosuppression used in recipients may have unexpected consequences.

axepta 10 tab 2013-10-10

Clinical trial of therapeutic angiogenesis for severe hindlimb ischemia has already started. We have characterized the maturation, co- and posttranslational modifications, and functional properties of the alpha(1B)-adrenergic receptor (AR) expressed in different mammalian cells transfected using conventional approaches or the Semliki Forest virus system. The isoelectric point was measured at pH 4.0 for Pf1 and at pH 4.2 for fd. Functional viability of tragal cartilage autografts spironolactone tablets ip aldactone spironolactone in tympanic surgery.

axepta vs strattera coupon 2017-06-28

Characteristic histological findings are interepidermal edema, called spongiosis, which is consistent with a composite of late-phase and delayed clarithromycin dosage pediatrics hypersensitivity. In vivo circulation of mouse red blood cells frozen in the presence of dextran and glucose.

tablet axepta 10 2019-01-31

Oxidative stress, liver fibrosis and angiogenesis amoxycillin sandoz tablets may be implicated in n-TiO2-induced liver toxicity. These results suggest that poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation may play a role in the regulation of p53 function and implies a regulatory role for PARP and/or PAR early in apoptosis.

axepta 10 side effects 2013-10-24

Prior to fracture, the osteoporotic spine can be analyzed in several ways. Histological diagnoses were compared with the hysteroscopic findings, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy were determined. Therapeutic approaches of cancers have been recently improved by the gloclav alcohol and breastfeeding development of targeted therapies. In this paper, a prototype clinical data entry application is described that combines free text and structured data entry in one single application and allows clinicians to smoothly switch between these two different input styles. Electrical stimulation of the posterior hypothalamus brought about an increase in plasma insulin accompanied by a fall in blood glucose.

axepta dosage calculator 2016-10-23

With this delivery system, adenoviral-mediated gene transfer phenytoin sodium er tablets with windows is highly efficient and induced overexpression of DeltaRb leads to a reduction in vein graft neointimal thickening. This leads in some cases to making unwarranted comparisons between parts of the figures.

axepta dosage of benadryl 2010-03-28

We speculate that left venous distention is involved in the mechanism for the contralateral response to unilateral varicocele. Existence of muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) heteroreceptor complexes and their enhancement of neurite outgrowth in neural hippocampal cultures. Although this study did not focus on the efficacy of a particular intervention type, the results showed that low-impact dance can help achieve higher lower extremity ROM and knee torque values than attained by inactive individuals. In each case the mesenteric duplication had a separate muscular coat from the normal bowel permitting complete excision of the duplication without interference with the blood supply to the normal intestine. In the ten patients ogastoro 30 mg efficace in french in whom a needle biopsy was done, the histologic findings were the same as in typical SAT.

axepta 25 dosage of benadryl 2016-08-07

However, it has been recently pointed out that y181c efavirenz package this it not the case for the homodyned-K distribution for a tissue discrimination problem. After the implementation of this method more accurate measurements were noticed. Prognostic value of heart rate variability in patients awaiting cardiac transplantation. It was shown that a gradual change from lymphoid multifunctional cells disposed diffusely in primitive lower vertebrates to the concentration of lymphoid cells into complicatedly arranged lymph nodes was taking place. However, there is need to (a) develop standardized batch study protocols, and potentially reference materials, for effective cross-evaluation of biosorbents of similar nature and for improved understanding of mechanisms involved and (b) investigate scaling-up and regeneration issues that hold back industry-level application of preselected adsorbents.

axepta vs strattera reviews 2012-09-29

Relation of rat brain acetylcholine levels to duration of self-stimulation and escape behavior. The most common cause of lymphedema in the Western world is cancer surgery kamille vs amurol and/or radiotherapy. The nitric oxide donor molsidomine antagonizes age-related memory deficits in the rat. Finite mixture models are being used increasingly to model a wide variety of random phenomena for clustering, classification and density estimation.

axepta medicine ball 2013-04-11

The present study was designed to test whether the occurrence of the food period at different times of the light phase of the light-dark cycle (from 08:00 to 20:00h) could impede or postpone the normal development of activity anorexia. This signal is intrinsic and coherent within a number of distributed networks whose topography closely resembles that of functional networks recruited during tasks. Performing amfebutamone bupropion dosage two calculations with different force constants for the dipolar restraints highlights the inconstancy of these mobility-averaged dipolar couplings.

axepta 25 dosage form 2014-12-21

Nanoparticle-based nupentin capsules 100mg clomid biosensors are considered as potential tools for rapid, specific, and highly sensitive detection of the analyte of interest (both biotic and abiotic contaminants). This technique has potential clinical application in the rational design and monitoring of chemotherapy.